With regards to the etymology, Santa Margalida is a name of Catalonian origin, which substituted in the XIII century, the antique one of Hiachat. Both the north and northeast of Mallorca are rich in talaiotic archaeological findings. Only in the municipality of Santa Margalida there are 153 excavations which show that this region had been inhabited since remote times. The locality has the same name as the church of Santa Margarita documented in the year 1241.
Of the pre-talaoitic period there are many caves conserved, that were used as dwellings or a place for burials. The Roman period is characterized by the continuity in the location of sites. During the Islamic age, the region belonged to juz´ of Muruh. The Catalonian expedition dominated all the territory without any difficulty. (1230). In the official book Llibre del repartiment de Mallorca (1232) the concession of the lands to Ponç Hug, the Count of Ampurias is documented.
Santa Margarita has border lines with the municipalities of María de la Salud, Muro, Artá, Petra and Ariany. Its other two nucleuses of population are the coastal regions of Can Picafort and Son Serra de Marina.
Places of interest
Necropolis of Son Real. The public estate of Son Real is situated on the northeast coast of Mallorca, in the municipality of Santa Margarita. Within its surface area of 395 hectares there are some important archaeological, ethnographic and natural remains, which make it a great open-air museum.
As far as agrarian production is concerned, the region outstands for its production of cereals, as well as for its production of nuts, such as the almond nut and carobs as well as its vineyards and its olives. In the question of livestock, the production of sheep and goats are the most outstanding, although there is also some production of porcine and fowl. There also exists a great fondness for the breeding of horses, mainly for sport and recreational activities. There are some companies of transformation of agrarian products, as well as for the production of wine.
The most outstanding industry of the municipality is without doubt that of the tourist sector and the services that go with it, mainly concentrated in the locality of Can Picafort, the only place in the municipality which also has an industrial estate.