Andratx Pueblo (Village)
Antique History 3500 BC - 900 AD
Andratx had been uninhabited since prehistoric times.
Middle Ages (IV - XV)
It was originally a part of the district of Ahwaz Al-Madina when the Muslims arrived to this area and took control given to the Berenguer de Palou, the Bishop of Barcelona after the reconquest. Andratx was the capital of a region which included Calvià, Puigpunyent, Estellencs, Banyalbufar, Marratxí, some of the parts of Pla de San Jordi and the church of the Santa Cruz.
From the Renaissance to the Age of Enlightenment (XVI - XVIII)
For the majority of the people of Andratx that lived near to the coast, during the XV century, pirate attacks were a constant everyday thing. For this reason the village started growing more towards the interior of the Island. A defence system was built along the coast, nowadays the watchtowers can still be seen, and are one of the important tourist attractions.
Modern Age (XVIII - XX)
The Bishop of Barcelona controlled this area until the year 1835, when Mendizábal allowed the expropriation and the selling of the properties belonging to the Church through a public auction. Tourism started arriving to Andratx in the 1960s, and this was only the beginning of an enormous process of change that converted this zone into one of the most important tourist resorts of the Islands of Majorca.
Places of interest
The main places of interest in the municipality are as follows, the (church) Iglesia de Santa María de Andratx. There are also some watchtowers left which are in ruins, but which in their day served to warn the people about pirate attacks and attacks from the Moors. The municipality also has the Centro Cultural de Andratx, situated in the district of Sa Coma, to the north of Andratx.
All through the XX century the municipality suffered a gradual reduction in its inhabitants until it reached a minimum in the 1950s. From then on there was an increase at a constant rate, except for the 1960s when there was an increase in population of 2.000 people. At the beginning of the XXI century the rhythm of growth in population has increased at a spectacular rate once again, increasing in the period 2001-2005 by 2.200 inhabitants and at the same time increasing the urban pressure on the surroundings.
Nowadays the main economic activity is tourism. Agriculture and Fishing have become practically obsolete, the majority being for personal consumption. The main crops cultivated are almonds, carob beans, figs and citric fruits. There hasn't been any industrial activity for many years. The wines of Santa Catarina are carefully elaborated in this municipality. These wines are very well-known and considered in Mallorca amongst the outsiders that visit us.