When Quinto Cecilio Metelo in the year 123 B.C. conquered and incorported part of the Balearic Islands as part of the territories conquered by Rome, he saw the necessity of establishing a future capital on the north coast of Mallorca. The place chosen was the city of Pollentia, nowadays Alcudia. The Roman general chose this site for geographical reasons, to be near to the metropolis from the sea, which was just the opposite to what happened during the Islamic domination which situated its Madina Mayurga to the south, in Palma de Mallorca, the present capital, also for geographical reasons. Quinto Cecilio Metelo began to populate Alcudia with 3.000 colonists mainly from the peninsular. He ordered the construction of a beautiful city through his forum in which buildings were to be found for judicial, administrative, commercial and religious purposes. He introduced the elaboration of wine and olive oil, to such a point that the port became the one with most commercial tradition of all the occidental Mediterranean ports.
Near to where the river bank was at that time, a theatre was built in Alcudia for an audience of about 1.500. At only about half a kilometre from the present city, the theatre today still conserves some of its basic elements such as the part of the orchestra and the stage amonst others.
Alcudia is situated in a peninsular of the same name as the locality. Because of this geographic condition, it has a large quantity of beaches. The highest part of Alcudia is the mountain of S'Atalai which has a height of about 445 metres.
Places of interest
In the municipality of Alcudia there are two emblematic places, the Natural Park of the Albufera in Mallorca and the Puerto de Alcudia. The Natural Park of the Albufera is a place of protection for the conservation of our wild life both animals and plants. The Puerto de Alcudia is not only a place known for its vitality, especially in the summer season, but also for the existence of water sports and as a commercial port.