Already in pre-historic times Sineu must have been inhabited because remains have been found such as the Talayot of Son Creixell, Sa Ritxla, Sa Ritxoleta, Son Rossinyol and Son Vanrell.
Some experts want to relate Sineu (Sinium) with a place named Guium of the Roman Mallorca, which quotes Pliny the Elder (NH 3, 77) with a certain amount of population.
In more recent times, the Muslim presence in the lands of Sineu were integrated in the district of Yiynau-Bitra, after the conquest it was integrated in the royal part and was transferred to Paborde of Tarragona.
In the year 1248 according to a papal bull of the Pope Innocent IV a church existed that was dedicated to Saint Mary.
The nucleus of the population acquired the Title of Royal Town in the year 1300, and during the Medieval Age it was a village that stood out owing to the construction of a royal residence ( today it has almost disappeared under a convent of enclosed nuns) and the headquarters of the ‘Veguer de Fora’. Of this age, the famous Wednesday Market is conserved, which contains plenty of livestock and agricultural products. Nowadays it is a touristic attraction.
Until the year 1925, Sineu had included in its municipality the town of Lloret de Vistalegre, which after various unsuccessful attempts in the XIX century, managed to become separate.
Being a part of the ‘Pla de Mallorca’, the relief is basically flat, without any big geographical changes. However, mention must be made of two structures that alter this geographical flatness: the Monte de Sant Nofre (255 metres) and the Monte de Reig (206 metres). The municipality includes small nucleuses of population with the names of Son Rossinyol, Son Robí, Reig del Canonge, Sant Nofre, el Talaiot, Son Creixell, Sa Ritxla, Sa Ritxoleta and Son Vanrell.
It has bounderies with Costitx, Inca, Llubí, María de la Salud, Ariany, Petra, San Juan and Lloret de Vistalegre.
2.1 Its place on the map
Look to see its whereabouts on the map.
3. Places of interest
The building which most stands out in Sineu is the parish church of Santa María de Sineu. The church (already documented in the year 1248) suffered a terrible fire in the year 1505, which resulted in the building of a new temple of Gothic style as the previous one. In the years 1880 and 1881 a variety of extensions were made: these included a cross-bearer, a large star- shaped dome with an octagonal base and a new upper part. The temple has one nave with some chapels at the sides. At the end of the XX century and the beginning of the XXI century a series of restorations were done to the temple, which were finished in the year 2007, with the installation of the seven bells in the parish steeple.
Next to the church in front of the square of San Marcos the rectory can be found; on the inside it is possible to visit an exhibition of medieval ceramics of Sineu. Just in front of this building there is the monument popularly called "the Lion"; it is a copper structure of the year 1945, a lion with wings, symbolising the evangelist symbol of San Marcos, who holds the coat of arms of Sineu with one of its front legs. In the street called Calle Sant Francesc there is the magnificent Town Hall, which occupies the old building of the Convent of the ‘Mínimos’, with its cloister from the XV century situated on the side of another church, of Baroque style, built during the XVIII century.
The Palace of the Kings of Mallorca is a building that was re constructed during the reign of the King Jaume II of Mallorca, at the beginning of the XIV century. It was built over a place where before there had been a building of Islamic origin. In the year 1583 a community of conceptionist nuns was installed, and still continues until the present day. In the XVII century, the convent was enlarged and reformed, resulting in the architectural unit as we know it today, where typical elements of a fortified palace and of a typical enclosed convent can be seen. At the side of the Palace, the church of Baroque style can be found.
In the same street as the hospital, the building of the Oratory of San José, founded in the XIII century is to be found. Although the Oratory conserves some elements of its original Gothic style, nowadays we find a building that has been modified many times throughout its history.
The building of the train station, from the beginnings of the XX century, also has within its walls the Art Centre of Sineu, where the works of well-known contemporary artists are exhibited.
Through the old streets of Sineu a variety of crosses and some wells of medieval origin can be found, as well as antique wind mills, which remind us of the importance that the cultivation of cereals had.
To see some interesting facts about its demography and others about its population, please click here.
Sineu, as the rest of the villages of the ‘Pla’ of Mallorca, has always had an economy based on the world of agriculture. In fact, the weekly Wednesday market and the yearly Fair show the historical importance of the country in the economy of Sineu.
The economy of the village is also characterised by an outstanding industrial activity ("craftwork"), especially in the last few decades; at present Sineu works with iron, wood, aluminium... About ten years ago the building of an industrial estate was permitted, with the intention of withdrawing the workshops and factories from within the village. Although this aim has been achieved, it must be said that this industrial estate is not at all flattering to the Neighbourhood of the New Houses.
Services: Sineu is one of the villages of Mallorca with the highest number of restaurants, bars and cafes in relation to the number of people in the municipality. In the year 2004, Sineu had 37 restaurant establishments. At present there are five interior hotels, of two, three and four stars.
Almost half of the employment contracts and jobs available form part of the services sector. According to the National Insurance figures, in the year 2004 6% of the inhabitants of Sineu were dedicated to agriculture, 22% to building, 7% to industry and 45% to the services sector.
Here are the Education Centres of Sineu and its surrounding areas.
Sineu has a railway line connection with the Palma-Manacor route of the company with the name of Servicios Ferroviarios of Mallorca (SFM). The train station of Sineu was inaugurated the 17th of February of the year 1878, this fact contributed to the fomentation of commerce in the town, which up to that moment in time had been mainly agricultural. In the year 1975 for political and institutional reasons, the train route of Palma-Manacor was eliminated and only went to the city of Inca. In the year 2002, the line was re-opened again.
The village also has a bus stop on the bus route of Palma-Santa Margalida-Ca'n Picafort.
8 .Golf Courses
The nearest installations to the locality for the playing of this noble sport are the Golf Pollensa and the Golf de Aucanada.
9. Special Events
Es Much: This is a festivity which is celebrated the 14th of August of every year, all the young people gather together in the train station, at about 10 o’clock in the morning. Once everyone is ready, they set off on a walk to "Puig de Reig" where ‘Es Much’ is invoked with chants and dances. Once the ’much’ has been invoked, they return to the village and walk around the town with him and also around all the bars. After showing him all the bars, the participants go to eat, the women and men separately. Once they have finished eating, the men and women get together again in front of Can Castell, where they sing and dance until they cannot carry on any longer.
Sa Fira: Sineu is the most important of the Fairs that take place in spring. It is the town that reunites more people to visit its Fair than any other. "Sa Fira" of Sineu is the oldest of Mallorca, it was established by privilege of King Sancho in the year 1318; it is celebrated the first Sunday of May every year. It is, above all, an agricultural, livestock and craft Fair which has conserved very well the tradition and sense of the annual market. Fruit, vegetables, plants, domestic animals, clothes, chairs, ladders, ceramics and ‘trinxets’ fill the most central streets of the village. Agricultural machinery, the exhibition of cars, together with attractions for children and a variety of street market stands and peddling fill the streets and squares on the outskirts. It is calculated that tens of thousands of visitors visit every year Sineu the day of the Fair which is only second in importance to Dijous Bo of Inca.
Patron Saint Festivities: Sineu celebrates the "Festes de la Mare de Déu d'Agost", around the 15th of August with games, fireworks, parties, dances, etc. They are the typical summer festivities of the Mediterranean, in which the village enjoy a variety of cultural events during the day and a wide range of activities in the cool night air.
Other festivities that are celebrated in Sineu are those of San Marcos (patron saint of the village) the 25th of April and those of San Antonio, with the typical bonfires in which they roast certain typical meats and sausages on the 17th of January.
Institutionally in recent years an antique Fair has been recuperated to potentiate ‘sobrassada’, a typical Majorcan product made from pork meat. The Feria de Santo Tomás-Muestra de Matanzas is celebrated every year, on the second Sunday of December.
It is the youngsters and people of Sineu who give the entire locality the optimistic and vital character that it has. This locality is the centre of attention in as far as gastronomy is concerned, owing to the enormous quantity of bars and restaurants that this small village offers. Sineu has a small but very intense historical centre which has even been used for commercials of first class products and top brands. The village of Sineu is an extremely charming place that many Majorcans and foreigners have fallen in love with.
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