1.1 Antique History 3500 BC - 900 AD
The Romans also left their mark in Santanyí. Remains have been found such as a variety of types of images and pottery in the burial cave of the sa Mare de Déu, in Cas Traginer or in Son Cosme Ponç, where the Roman village more than likely settled. The archaeological research indicates that they could possibly have been here for two centuries, one group in the area of Son Danús and another in the zone of Calonge.
1.2 The Middle Ages (IV - XV)
There is written evidence that in the Islamic era, Santanyí formed part of the district of Manacor, with the name of Adeia. There is also written evidence that in Alqueria Blanca there was a mosque and in the farmhouse of Santanyí they talked about houses of the Saracen style in the last quarter of the XIII century. Nowadays we still conserve some place names such as Albocora, S?Almunia, Benilassar (Son Danús), Binigebidi (es Rafal donis Porcs) or Mandalmar (es Llombards).
After the Catalan conquest by the King Jaume I, in the year 1229, Santanyí was given in the sharing out to Nunó Sanç, Count of Roussillon and Sardinia, and on his death it was returned to the King. In the year 1242 reference is made of the municipality and the parish of Santanyí. It is believed that the first church was built between 1248 and 1265. A few years later, in the year 1300, the King Jaume II granted the methodical arrangements for the foundation of the village and the way the village should be built.
Between the XIV and XVII century, the coast of Santanyí was the scene of numerous attacks by corsair pirates, originating from the north of Africa, who were taking refuge in Cabrera. In defence, they organized a system of watchtowers, defence towers and sentries, especially between the months of April and September, when the raids were more frequent. In case of danger, they communicated from the watchtowers with smoke (and fire) signals. The interior villages, such as Porreres, Montuïri and Felanitx, also contributed to the defence of the coast, because they also felt they were in danger. Of the numerous raids, it is worth giving a mention to the one that took place on the 3rd of October of the year 1531, when after ransacking the village, the Muslims captured a number of the inhabitants. As a result, about forty families decided to abandon the municipality. Some years later, in 1546, the pirates captured 36 people, that were later returned to their families, after paying a ransom of 2.050 escudos. The fear of these raids still continued in the XVIII century with the result that they decided to build the fort of Cala Llonga to confront these attacks with more guarantees.
1.3 From the Renaissance to the Age of Enlightenment (XVI - XVIII)
The administrative side of the municipality was consolidated in the XIV century. The representative of the King was the Royal Mayor, and the first one that appears documented on paper is Ramon Albert, of the year 1311. Santanyí was represented in the 'Consejo del Sindicato' and in the 'Grande y General Consejo'. The year 1329 the population of Santanyí was of 570 inhabitants, as well as some slaves that in the year 1427 were 4'8% of the population.
1.4 The Modern Age (XIX ? XX)
During the XIX, century the cacique period, the terrible conditions of the population in the year 1868 resulted in a popular revolt against the public treasury which ended in a fire and the burning of the files of the municipality. During the first half of the XIX century the population increased greatly and went from 4.436 inhabitants in 1825 to 5.439 in 1845. In the middle of the century, the population became stagnate. During this century there were strong demographic crises and, as from the year 1860, a notable immigration to Algeria began, towards the interior of Mallorca and even to Menorca. The reason was that Santanyí, in those days, was a poor municipality. In the year 1897 the construction of the 'Casa de la Villa' was approved and is the same one as today, but with an added extension due to the buying of the neighbouring property. Everything changed as from the second half of the XX century with the arrival of tourism.
As from the 1950s the first visitors began to arrive. Tourism was to change all the demographic structures of the municipality, which changed from being a transmitter of immigration to a receiver of immigrants. It was about, people from the Peninsula, especially from the south, who were attracted by the job offer which tourism generates. This demographic increase is very accentuated as from the l980s. It is about an increase based on the necessity of a work force to cover the necessities of the tourist industry and all the economic activity that it generates.
The highest points of the municipality are the Puig Gros (271 metres) and Sa Penya Bosca (280 metres). The municipality of Santanyí has approximately 58 km of coast, of which about 28 km are urbanized or modified by man, and the rest (30 km approximately) are without buildings or protected zones. The coastline has a large quantity of coves and inlets of touristic use and others conserved in the area within the Natural Park of Mondragó. The Cap Salines is the most southern point of the island of Mallorca.
2.1 Its place on the map
Look to see the whereabouts of Santanyí by clicking on the link.
3. Outstanding Features
In the municipality of Santanyí the sanctuary of Nuestra Señora de Consolación, of great popular devotion, is really outstanding and it is to be found in the area of S'Alqueria Blanca. The Gothic church 'del Roser' is another outstanding example and is in the capital of the municipality.
To see some facts about its demography and others about its population, please click here.
The municipality of Santanyí has an economy based on tourism. The main enclaves are Cala d'Or, Porto Petro and Cala Santanyí. Apart from this, it also has an important industrial activity of the craft of stone, of which the most outstanding is the stone of Santanyi, well-known for its insulation properties, its characteristic texture ("favat", "Rendat" and "fi"), it is also very waterproof and it is easy to work with.
Look and see on the link its location and some websites of the Education Centres of the municipality of Santanyí.
It is possible to get to Santanyí by public transport. The coach and bus company 'Darbus' has a regular route which connects Palma and Santanyí and, at the same time, it has bus routes which cover the different urban areas of the municipality. The company 'Aumasa' unites by motorway Santanyí with Felanitx and with Manacor.
8. Golf Courses
The nearest installations for the playing of this noble sport are those of Vall d'Or Golf.
9. Special Events
Sant Antoni: 17th of January. Domestic animals and pets are blessed, a very typical and firmly-rooted tradition in Mallorca. The night before there is a celebration with bonfires and the cooking of certain foods (meat and Majorcan sausages) on the bonfires.
Santa Escolàstica: The Sunday nearest to the10th of February. A Mass is celebrated in the sanctuary of Puig de Consolació. Santa Escolàstica is invoked, as a mediator of the rain.
Day of the sanctuary of the Puig de Consolació: The first Sunday of March. A solemn Mass is celebrated, and they sing in honour of the Virgin (a special poem) and fruits are blessed with the cross of the "improperios" (insults).
Sant Jaume: Takes place on the 25th of July. The celebration is on the same day that the first stone of the present parish church was placed, for this reason it is also called the festivity of the 'obra' (work).
Fair of Santanyí: It is celebrated on the third Saturday of October. It is of an agricultural, craft and industrial nature.
Festividad patronal de Sant Andreu: This is celebrated on the 30th of November. Saint Andrés (Andrew) is the title of the parish. It consists of a solemn Mass and numerous games and cultural activities during the week.
Market: Wednesdays and Saturdays in the morning there is a market in the main square 'Plaza Mayor'. Fruit and vegetables are sold, as well as clothes and other articles.
Santanyí is the typical Majorcan town of a quiet and pleasant nature. Within the boundaries of the municipality there is a considerable amount of touristic activity which is the economic motor of the region. There are also ample residential zones near the nucleus of the coastal areas.
Recently Santanyí has transformed into an important cultural nucleus, especially in the field of art, paintings, music and poetry, to the point that the literary investigator Jaume Vidal Alcover, Lecturer at the University of Tarragona, in his conferences has spoken about the 'Poetic School' of Santanyí, and its poetic influence on the insular of all the different post-war promotions and which, according to his study, form part of, amongst others, Bernat Vidal i Tomàs, Blai Bonet and Llorenç Vidal Vidal. Other writers of the region are Miquel Pons Bonet, Antònia Vicens, Antoni Vidal Ferrando, Cosme Aguiló, and Pau Vadell.
If it is your wish to see the selection of properties for sale that Inmobiliaria Nova, your Estate Agency in Mallorca, has drawn up for you in Santanyi, please click on the link.