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Manacor

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1. History

1.1 Prehistoric Times

The first signs of human presence in the territory that nowadays is occupied by the municipality of Manacor dates back to the years 2000-1200 B.C. The artificial caves as a burial place are the most outstanding elements (cova de s’Homonet in Son Ribot, Mitjà de ses Beies in Sa Sínia Nova, etc.) and the 'navetes', isolated buildings or grouped in small nucleus of living areas, used for living purposes as dwellings (sa Marineta and s’Hospitalet Vell).

1.2 Antique History 3500 BC - 900 AC

Of the Talaiotic period the following buildings stand out, l'Hospitalet Vell, Bosc, Bellver, Bandrís, Son Sureda and Sa Gruta. The underwater findings of materials in Porto Cristo show an area frequented by the Romans. The remains of the basilica of the sa Carrotja and Son Peretó give evidence of consolidated Christian communities. The origin of the city of Manacor is probably before the Islam domination.

1.3 The Middle Ages (IV - XV)

In the year 1300, Jaume II conceded the status of a village to Manacor by law. Of the early urbanistic times there is still conserved the Torre del Palau and the fortification of some country mansions such as the Torre de ses Puntes and the Torre dels Enagistes. Of the Medieval Age we must mention the role of Manacor in the social conflicts with a special mention of Simó Tort as the protagonist.

1.4 The Modern Age (XVIII - XX)

In the year 1879 the railway line of Inca - Manacor was inaugurated and in the year 1902 the first factory of artificial pearls was founded, in this way it became the commercial and industrial centre of the Majorcan 'Llevant'. Since the year 1912, Manacor has the official title of 'City'.

At the end of the XIX century the new church named Nostra Senyora dels Dolors was built, work of the architect Gaspar Bennazar, it was located on the same spot as anterior churches (possibly the most antique built over an Arabian mosque).

2. Geography

The nucleus of population which form this municipality are: Manacor (67% of the population), Porto Cristo (19% of the population), S'Illot (4% of the population), Son Macià (3% of the population), Calas de Mallorca  (2% of the population), Cala Murada (2% of the population),Cala Morlanda (1% of the population), Cala Mandia (1% of the population), Cala Anguila (0,5% of the population) and S'Estany den Mas (0,5% of the population).

2.1 Its place on the map

Look to see the location of Manacor by clicking on the link.

3. Outstanding Features

Plaza Sa Bassa: An elegant square with its own history. Some of the buildings which encircle it are of the XVII century.

Iglesia de Santo Domingo: A church with a beautiful Baroque facade, with two superb towers that are intricately decorated. On its interior there are some symbolically valuable treasures: the famous S'Alicorn, the indisputable protagonist of the folkloric of Manacor, the mixture of a man with the head of a donkey mounted on a tricycle. It seems that S'Alicorn is a metaphorical mockery of the clergymen of the Inquisition. 

Iglesia Nuestra Senyora dels Dolors : This great temple stands out amongst all the buildings surrounding it, with a pompous air of the Neo-Gothic style of the XIX century. Its most outstanding feature is the annexing tower of 80 metres in height. The church has a central nave surrounded by various chapels. It was built in the XV century over the antique church of Santa María de Manacor, ordered by the Rector Rubi. The parishioners worship the 'Cristo of Manacor'.

Antiguo Palacio Real: This was the residential palace of the King Jaime. Nowadays the premises are occupied by the well-known bar 'Sa Torre del Palau', where you can try out their coffee in Medieval styled surroundings (XIII century) similar to those when the building was constructed. Of the original structure, only the tower known as the 'Torre del Homenaje', is still conserved. It has a square shape and is of a marked Gothic style.

Iglesia de San Vicente Ferrer : A beautiful austere yet simple temple built towards the end of the XVI century in the square called the 'Plaza del Convento'. The sober facade is of a Dominican air with certain Gothic details such as the annex tower with a pyramidal finishing and certain classical details on the front wall which crowns its door. It consists of one nave. The best part, 'la Capilla del Roser', a renowed Baroque masterpiece, fully adorned and with gold finishings. The chapel organ is also an outstanding piece, it is from the XVII century. It has a beautiful cloister encircling the rectangular courtyard, made with well-proportioned semi-circular arches.

Torre de Ses Puntes: The name of this tower comes from its battlements which are for and reminds us of its defensive purposes. It was constructed between the XIII and XVI centuries. Today there is an exhibition centre in the tower. The original purpose of the tower was to warn the population from the messages received from the coastal watchtowers of any possible invasions or attacks, usually from Berber pirates.

Torre dels Enagistes : On the outsides of the city stands this antique defensive tower from the XVI century. It holds the Historical Museum of Manacor, which contains a number of interesting objects which reveal the old history of the city: coins, tools used in sailing and navigating, ceramics and a mosaic of the Paleo-Christian Basilica of Son Peretó (V century).

Portocristo: Here can be found the church called the Mare de Deu, of  recent construction (end of the XIX century); La Torre dels Falcons, XVI century, which was the home of fishermen until the middle of the XIX century. But Portocristo is famous for the caves called the cuevas de Hams and even more so for the caves called the cuevas del Drach, a great hollow of 1.700 metres in length where Mother Nature has sculpted the most amazing shapes (stalactites and stalagmites). Inside the cave is the lake with the name Martel, one of the biggest subterranean lakes of the world.

Manacor - Prehistory and Antique history: In the surroundings of S'Hopitalet Vell, in the area of 'Calas de Mallorca', we can find the prehistoric town of Es Velar, which has a talaiot or turret of large dimensions conserved in good condition, maybe from the Bronze Age (towards the year 4.000 B.C.). At 8 kilometres from Manacor we can find, on the motorway that takes us to Sant Llorenç des Cardassar, the Paleo-Christian Basilica of Son Peteró, from the V century A.C. Its beautiful mosaics are on exhibition today in the History Museum of Manacor (Tower of the Enagistes).

4. Demography

To see some interesting facts about its demography and others about its population, please click here.

5. Economy

At the end of the XIX century, the economy of Manacor was based on agriculture (cereals and vineyards) and livestock (sheep), there was also in existence a textile sector of a certain importance. From this agricultural basis, an incipient industry developed of the transformation of these products: flour mills and the fabrication of an alcoholic liquor were first, followed by an industry building wooden furniture. The economic development was favoured by the inauguration in 1879 of the railway line Inca-Manacor. In 1902 the German industrialist Eduard Frederic Hug Heusch founded the first factory of artificial pearls which in 1951 was introduced on the market with the name 'Majorica'. Nowadays the agricultural activity has a secondary place to building and tourism. In the municipality there are also to be found 8 quarries in use, 5 of which are of limestone and 3 are of sandstone.

Primary Sector. Although the activity of agriculture has lost its first place in the local economy, there still exists an active agriculture activity which touches a grand variety of products. Some antique estates maintain the splendour of old days, as is the case of Santa Cirga and Es Fangar, the largest of the municipality.

About 74% of the area of the municipality is cultivable predominating the areas that do not need constant irrigation which are exploited to the full. The almond nut is cultivated in this area and comprises about 32% of the land near the sea, the Plá and the mountain slopes up until an altitude of 200 metres are often associated with the cultivation of cereals (29%).The fig tree has an irregular distribution and the carob bean, which is not very frequent, is cultivated in the troughs of the southern hills and the massif of Calicant to the north. Although vineyards were of great importance in the XIX century, the interior area, the Plá, has seen its cultivation area reduced to the extreme southwest of the municipality where it meets with the vine area of Felanitx. The vineyards that stand out are the following, Son Perot, Son Caules, Son Moix, Son Fangos, Son Joan Jaume, Albocàsser and Son Banús.

Secondary Sector. In Manacor in the year 2000, according to the IAE, 1212 industrial activities were performed, 60% of them in the building sector. There is an industrial estate of 253.708 m². The furniture industry is also going strong and attracts people from all over the island, to the point that Manacor is sometimes called the furniture city.

Tertiary Sector. Manacor has its own large local hospital, it also has l6 education centres, 25 banks and 13 savings banks, 7 petrol stations, 3 large commercial centres and above all touristic catering centres of which include 366 restaurants and 64 places to stay or lodge.

6. Education

Look on the link to see the location and some websites of the Education Centres in the municipality of Manacor.

7. Transport

Manacor has its own train and bus station which communicate with the capital, Palma of Mallorca and the rest of the towns of Mallorca. Manacor has a good motorway connection to the capital.

8. Golf Courses

Only a few kilometres away are the golf courses of Pula Golf, Canyamel Golf, the Club de Golf Son Servera and the Golf Capdepera, all of them with magnificent installations.

9. Special Events

Manacor has on its calendar a number of popular festivals:

5th of January. 'Cabalgata de los Reyes' (the arrival of the 3 wise men)

16th/17th of January. Bonfires and 'Beneïdes de Sant Antoni'.

February. The Carnival and the 'Entierro de la Sardina' (burying of the sardine).

Easter Week. Processions all the week in the different neighbourhoods.

May. Fairs and spring festivals, the main ones of the municipality, are celebrated during the last week of May and the first week of June.

June. As a high spot of the festivities, the parade of fleets.

25th of July. The fair of Saint Jaime.

September. The Fair of September. Third Sunday.

10. Impressions

The main touristic attractions of Manacor are the Caves of Drac and of Hams, which are internationally famous. As well as these, Manacor has a coast line with a lot of character which shelters a sports port and fishing harbour, Porto Cristo. The following places help to make up the spectacular coastline of Manacor, S'Illot, Son Macià, Calas de Mallorca, Cala Murada, Cala Morlanda, Cala Mandia and Cala Anguil.

If it is your wish to see the selection of properties for sale that Inmobiliaria Nova, your Estate Agency in Mallorca, has prepared for you in Manacor, please click on the link.

10.1 Images

Manacor Manacor Manacor Manacor

10.2 Videos

 

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