1.1 Pre-historic times
Its history started two thousand years before the christian age, although the first inhabitants date back to the neolíthic age. Nowadays it is possible to admire remains of the said age which can be found catalogued in an archaeological deposit called Archaeological Park Puig de sa Morisca, in which the impressive remains of what was once a talayot of nine metres in diameter are conserved. It can be found on a small elevated hill in the area of Santa Ponsa.
1.2 Antique History (3500 BC - 900 AD)
Of its Roman Age, which lasted from the year 123 BC until the IV century, no important remains exist. There are only a very limited amount of archaeological testimonies, of which the most outstanding is the remains of a Roman villa in the area of Santa Ponsa known as Sa mesquita. When the Byzantine general Flavius Belisarius ordered the conquest of our archipielago in the year 534 this marked the end of the period Vandal of which there are not many traces left of this period in history.
1.3 The Middle Ages (IV - XV)
In the year 903, Mallorca was conquested by the Almoravid general Isam al-Jawlani. The Muslims continued their occupation until the year 1229, the year that the King of Aragon Jaime I impelled that the district of Calviá was to be colonized by Catalan people from Catalonia amongst others, who took their language and their culture with them and which still remains and thrives today.
1.4 From The Renaissance to the Age of Enlightenment (XVI - XVIII)
Agriculture was the only occupation of the people. At the beginning agriculture was carried out in the areas surrounding the bay of Santa Ponsa. In spite of its long coastline, the population spent most of the time with their backs to the sea trying to get crops out of land that was dry and not very fertile. In the XVIII century, an obstinate drought and a poor cereal harvest in the lands of this municipality caused a long period of famine. Petty tyranny from the owners of the large estates, deeply affected the lands belonging to the municipality of Calvià during the second half of the XIX century and the beginnings of the XX century.
1.5 The Modern Age (XVIII - XX)
In Calvià there are only two companies in existance of cement and plaster. At the beginning of the XX century, with an ecomony based on an agricultural system of a one man estate owner over all the land workers, the first socialists unions were created in defence of the land workers. Before the year 1934, the present tourist complexes consisted in a project of urbanization of residential areas of the type Ciudad jardín, but during the Civil War this came to a stop. In 1970, owing to the tourist boom, once again but with a different concept, the building to cater for the tourists started again but in a way that was totally lacking control with the result that the coastline became full of edifices and consequently the scenery was totally spoilt.
Calvià is to be found on the occidental side of the island of Mallorca, next to the Sierra de Tramontana. The land that is good for building properties on is very limited, geographically speaking, as it is a peninsular with various humid zones both to the east and to the west (salty earth of Magalluf, of Palmanova and that of Santa Ponsa) which in a way is the cause of the narrowing similar to an isthmus which closes to the north.
Within the boundary limits of Calvià there are five distinct natural habitats, which shows a great variety of ecosystems.
There are eighteen different regions of nucleus of the population. The most important being those in the touristic zones such as Palma Nova, which was one of the first touristic centres that was built on the island. Other zones which stand out for their touristic activities belonging to the municipality of Calvia are Magalluf, Santa Ponsa, Portals Nous, Sol de Mallorca, Paguera and El Toro. We must give a special mention here to the villages of Capdellà and Galilea, in the heart of Sierra de Tramontana, for their tremendous beauty.
If you would like to see a selection of the properties that are for sale which Inmobiliaria Nova, your Estate Agent in Majorca, have prepared for you in and roundabout Calvià, please click on the link.
If you wish to do the same as respects the locality if Santa Ponsa, please click on the link.
If you wish to do the same as respects the locality of Portals Nous, please click on the link.
If you wish to do the same as respects the locality of Paguera, please click on the link.
If you wish to do the same as respects the locality of Es Capdellà, please click on the link.
If you wish to do the same as respects the locality of Sol de Mallorca, please click on the link.
2.3 Place on the map
See its place on the map.
3. Outstanding Features
Its two historic urban centres, Calvià Vila and Es Capdellà, have some residences of a patrimonial interest, amongst these are to be found Can Verger, Can Ros and Es Pontet.
The Town Hall is situated in the entrance to the town. It was inaugurated in the year 1989 and was a project by the architects Rafael Balaguer and Jaime Vidal, who united modern construction elements with those of the Majorcan tradition, such as some roof tiles, 'mares' a whitish type of brick common to Majorca, or local stone, being very practical and at the same time of a modern vanguard design.
In the year 1929 a cross was put up to commemorate the 700th anniversary of the reconquest. The base of the cross has engraved several scenes representing this conquest. It is to be found on one of the extreme points of the bay of Santa Ponsa.
In the municipality of Calvià there are some old watchtowers along its coastline that stand out because of their location and their antiguity as well as having beautiful and privileged views over the coast and the sea. Their purpose was to alert the people and the military authorities of possible raids by pirates or by the Turks. For this reason, the towers of Torre d'es Cap Andritxol, the Castellot of Santa Ponsa, the Torre de Sa Porrassa, the Torre de Cala Figuera and the Torre de Portals Vells are not only considered fantastic for the beauty of the scenery in which they are set but also for their historical and archaeological value.
3.2 Places of Interest
Calvià has the parish church of San Juan Bautista which was constructed in the year 1248 in honour of St. John the Baptist and consists of one central nave, with five chapels with an arch and they are dedicated to distinct Saints.
To see some interesting facts about its demography and others such as its population please, click here.
To be able to lodge the one and a half million of visitors each year, there has to be a good service, in the year 2005 for example this offer included more than 120.000 beds, 44.000 in the number of hotels, 16.000 in apartaments and 60.000 touristic residents. There are also 853 taverns and restaurants as well as 1.145 businesses. It gained second place amongst the municipalities with the most Blue Flags of the state. The beach of Palmanova holds a majority in services, for which it was given the award of quality Q, being the only one in all the Balearic Islands to have such an honour.
The Instituto Municipal de Educación y Bibliotecas de Calvià (IMEB ) is a local organism of an administrative character and which offers certain services. Its mission is to conduct and manage all to do with materials in education and libraries. Look on the link to see where it is located and to see some of the websites of the Education Centres in the municipality of Calvià.
The motorway Ma-1 or Autovía de Poniente (Autovia de Ponent in Catalan) is the most important route of communication that unites the different urban areas with Palma de Mallorca and Andratx. This main motorway runs through the municipality and divides it into two very different zones. The northern part is rural and agricultural and the southern part touristic and urban. The distance by road from the town of Calvià to the centre of Palma is about 20 km.
The only bus station of the municipality can be found in Palma Nova; it is popularly known as the 'intercambiador'. The afore-mentioned building, as well as, being a bus stop it is also used for a variety of municipal offices.
8. Sport and Entertainment
The three municipal departments catering in this area are, Sa Societat, the Sala Palmanova and thel Casal de Peguera. These form part of the Asociación de Teatros y Auditorios Públicos de les Illes Balears (ATAPIB) and the Circuito de Artes Escénicas del Consell de Mallorca.
The locality welcomes every year at the winning post the latest cycling races, which last a day, with trophies for proffesional cyclists known as the ChallengeVuelta a Mallorca, which in the month of February inaugurate the cycling season in Spain, it is known as Trofeo Calvià. As well as this, throughout the year the locality has five programmed cycling events for tourists where, it must be mentioned, that it is possible to cycle in both directions and start from any point on the circuit.
Amongst the variety of services offered by the Área Municipal de Deportes, there are nine sports installations, five professional golf courses, and five ports with sport activities. The most important sport entity of the municipality is the C. D. Calviá, which was founded before the Civil War, although it was as from 1950 when the football team was formed. It is in the month of December that a marathon is celebrated, organized by the Asociación Deportiva de Atletismo de Calvià (ADA Calvià).
8.1 Aquatic activities
It is possible to do the majority of all the water sports, particularly sailing. The installations for pleasure boats are more than excellent in all five of its sport ports: Portals Nous, Portals vells, Palmanova, Puerto Portals and Port Adriano.
8.2 Golf Courses
For the practice of this sport in particular, the municipality of Calvià has five excellent installations: Golf Santa Ponsa I, Golf Santa Ponsa II, Golf Santa Ponsa III, Real Golf de Bendinat and Club de Golf de Poniente.
9. Leisure and Activities
In the municipality of Calvià two water parks can be found Aqualand and Western Waterpark, next to the installations of a professional karting.
The locality of Magalluf has a museum called La casa de Katmandú; its peculiarity is in that it has been built upside down. It contains a collection of 3.000 varied articles and a cinema in 4D. Amongst other attractiones that it has, there is a dinner with the show Pirates Adventure and the macrodiscoteque BCM Planet Dance, one of the largest in Europe.
The municipality of Calvià has many going out areas such as that of Punta Ballena en Magalluf.
9.1 Special Events
Fiestas Rei En Jaume
The festivities celebrating the going ashore of King of Aragon Jaime I on his arrival to the island are the most important and most representative cultural festivities of the municipality. The going ashore of King Jaime I and his troops on the coast of Santa Ponsa in 1229 is commemorated. During this celebration the landing of the Christian King is recreated on the beach, followed by the skirmish that occured between the Christian troops and the Moors. As can be imagined, Calvià has two giants, Jaime I and his wife Violant d'Hongria, which were constructed in 1999 by Vicente Alberola.
These festivities are in honour of Saint Anthony andy Saint Sebastian which are celebrated on the l7th of January for Anthony Abad and the 20th of January for Saint Sebastian. An enormous bonfire is lit next to the church, and a rag doll is burnt which represents a devil; smaller bonfires are lit in the surrounding areas where the people roast typical excellent Majorcan food similar in form to sausages called butifarrones and sobrasada. There is evidence that this festivity has been celebrated since the year 1524, year in which the plague did not affect the village, apparentely thanks to Saint Sebastian.
The 24th of June a festival is celebrated in honour of San Juan Bautista, the patron saint of the municipality. In the village respect is paid to the elderly, with a Mass and the performance of folkloric dances. Then the older people of the village are invited to a glass of almond ice-cream with the typical Majorcan cake known as ensaimada .This celebration has been going on since the 1950 decade.
Calvià is the municipality of Mallorca that most change and development has been seen in its streets since the touristic boom commenced in the middle of the last century. Calvià has changed from being an area whose economic activity was based on activities relacioned to the land and livestock to a concentration of activities to do with tourism. Calvià has changed from being a no mans land unknown to the world to being a land that that is well-loved and internationally famous. The economic inversion and development is visible to the eye and predictable in every nook and cranny of its eighteen localities.
Town Hall of Calvià
Club de Golf de Poniente
Real Golf de Bendinat